Q. What foods can my wife take to improve fertility?

Answered by
Swapan Banerjee
and medically reviewed by Dr. Sneha Kannan
This is a premium question & answer published on Feb 22, 2016 and last reviewed on: Apr 25, 2019

Hello doctor,

My wife is 24 years old and her height is 4'10" and weight is 61 kg. She is a bit overweight and also has PCOD problem. We got married 2 years back and she cannot get pregnant. Please send the diet chart to reduce her weight. What are all the foods that she can take to improve fertility? Thank you and looking forward for your reply.



Welcome back to

Thanks for your query.

From your information, I got to know that she is obese. She needs to reduce approximately 6 kg. It is too much weight for her height but no worry she can reduce it by diet and some exercises.

She needs very low calorie diet of about 1200 kilocalories a day. Rice intake has to be as low as 50 g as well as 50 g whole wheat. Carbohydrate group not more than 150 g. Only brown rice, brown breads, and more fiber containing products like whole grains to be taken. Take more vegetables from gourd family and 300 g fruits have to be taken. Reduce sugar intake to minimum 1 teaspoon per day or have less sweets.

Avoid the following food items:

  1. Banana, coconut, mangoes and almost stop all sweet products.
  2. No fast foods, junk items, street foods, outside foods from restaurant and cream based foods.
  3. No cold drinks, ice cream, fried potato and rice items. Stop having biryani or these types of oily, rich spicy and high calorie foods.
  4. Avoid juices, but 2-4 pieces of whole fruits and green salads can be taken. No masala except green chilly.

She can take the following foods to reduce her weight:

  1. Protein 80 g to 100 g per day like fish, 1 egg white, 2 days she can have chicken, but only leg piece. Drink 200 mL double toned milk.
  2. Milk products, like paneer, chickpea, soy products, 15 g pulses, sprouts can be had but no sweets. Stew vegetables without potatoes, mainly broccoli, cabbage and can take citrus fruits.
  3. Yogurt and sour curd are very helpful. Mainly go with plain vegetables, less rice, roti and all meals with very less oil (120 mL) only and also have all meals without spices.

Should not sleep at daytime, maximum keep working and follow dynamic lifestyle. Yoga or mild home based exercises are very helpful. If she is not serious about her diet, activities and lifestyle then she would face more complications.

The Probable causes:

Improper food habits and improper meal planning.

Differential diagnosis:

1. PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease).
2. Food habits.

Probable diagnosis:

1. Junk foods.
2. Foods containing high carbohydrate.
3. Wrong foodings.

Treatment plan:

Very low cholesterol and a bland diet.

Preventive measures:

Proper small but frequent balanced diet to be followed.

Hello doctor,

How much weight should she be? Can she have milk daily? Please guide.



Welcome back to

As I can check her present weight is 61 kg and BMI is 27. So, she has to reduce 6 kg approximately, hence she can be 55 kg on an average. Yes, she can have 150 mL double toned (D&T) milk while having breakfast and 150 mL luke warm milk at bedtime.

Do not go for cow's milk or similar. Either D&T or skimmed milk can be had. Even she can have up to 100 g/day of milk products like paneer, curd and yogurts, which is good for her but without sugar.

Differential diagnosis:

Meal plans and hormonal profile.

Probable diagnosis:


Treatment plan:

Diet and exercises.

Preventive measures:

High calorie foods.

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