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How Does Vitamin B3 Help Women During PMS?

Written by
Vidhi Talati Joshi
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Feb 05, 2016 and last reviewed on Oct 08, 2021   -  4 min read


There are thousands of women all around the world suffering from premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and looking for appropriate treatment. This article explains the role and exact dosage of vitamin B3 in PMS.

How Does Vitamin B3 Help Women During PMS?


Some research shows that premenstrual syndrome (PMS) occurs due to mineral and vitamin deficiency. Vitamin B3 is also referred to as niacin and nicotinic acid. The body metabolism is primarily regulated by vitamin B3. It also helps regulate and maintain sex and stress hormones.

PMS means premenstrual syndrome, and it is the symptom that appears before periods or menstruation in women. PMS consists of various types of symptoms such as mood changes, breast enlargement, and tenderness (even mild touch may induce pain in the breasts), craving for certain types of food, body weakness, bloating, headache, acne, fatigue, irritability, tension, and depression. Every 8 out of 10 women experience premenstrual syndrome once in their life. The peak time of PMS is in the early 20s and continues till 30 years of age. The exact cause of PMS is unknown, but according to researchers, hormonal changes may be responsible for these symptoms prior to menstruation.

What Are the Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome?

There are many emotional and physical symptoms present before menstruation. Women may experience depressed moods and become aggressive in nature. Tension and anxiety may become obvious during these days. Appetite or hunger changes may become apparent, and insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or absence of sleep) is also present. Poor concentration in work and studies is mostly seen. Social withdrawal may hamper a woman's social life.

There are many symptoms associated with PMS. They are divided into physical and emotional symptoms.

  1. Physical Symptoms - It includes dizziness, nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, breast enlargement, clumsiness, fatigue, weakness, headache (severe), muscle pain, and increased hunger. Acne vulgaris, skin itching, and eczema are the skin manifestations present during PMS. Joint pain, lower abdominal pain, and increased weight due to fluid retention are also present. Constipation or diarrhea is present with abdominal discomfort. A woman may find different varieties of these symptoms at each cycle.

  2. Emotional Symptoms - These include depression, tension, anxiety, loss of concentration, loss of focus in any work, irritability, loss of motivation, etc. Symptoms vary from cycle to cycle and from woman to woman.

What Is the Role of Vitamin B3 in PMS?

What Food Supplements Contain Vitamin B3?


As per food and drug administration, the daily requirement of vitamin B3 is 17 mg in men and 13 mg in women. An additional 3 mg is necessary for breastfeeding women. One research of the European Union has proved that recommended daily administration is 18 mg per day for both men and women.

What Are the Adverse Effects of Vitamin B3?

Medical supervision is essential to avoid any side effects.


Among the eight B vitamins, niacin is more important for every part of the body. All the niacin needed can be obtained through the diet. However, supplemental forms are recommended for certain medical conditions, premenstrual syndrome, and also in cases of high cholesterol.

Article Resources

Last reviewed at:
08 Oct 2021  -  4 min read




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