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HomeHealth articlesxylene inhalationWhat Are the Harmful Effects of Xylene Inhalation?

Xylene Inhalation - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

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As a solvent, xylene is a hydrocarbon used for medical and industrial purposes and causes health hazards upon exposure.

Written by

Dr. Osheen Kour

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Published At January 11, 2023
Reviewed AtJanuary 11, 2023


Dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) is a commonly used formulation ingredient in skincare, cognitive function, and mood-enhancing products. The benefits of DMAE include a powerful anti-inflammatory effect and increased skin firmness by improving underlying facial muscle tone. Compared with other skin care regimens (for example, topical antioxidant creams), Dimethylaminoethanol is naturally produced inside the body and is also found in fishes as fatty fish, including salmon, sardines, and anchovies. It also helps to prevent the buildup of a substance called beta-amyloid, which is beneficial for brain health, especially at one age, when too much of this amyloid is linked to age-related decline and also loss in memory.

How Can One Use Dimethylaminoethanol?

Dimethylaminoethanol is a prescription drug for children with learning and behavioral problems. It is sold as dietary supplements in capsules and powdered forms. Dosing instructions may vary. Skincare products such as creams and lotions work as anti-aging, reducing wrinkle appearance, dark under-eye circles, and sagging skin.

What Are the Benefits of Dimethylaminoethanol?

Based on the studies, Dimethylaminoethanol shows the following potential benefits:

  • Reduce Wrinkles and Firm, Sagging Skin: It is found that facial gel containing three percent Dimethylaminoethanol is beneficial for reducing fine lines around the eyes and also on the forehead. In addition, studies show that it improves lip shape and fullness and the overall appearance of skin aging. It may also hydrate the skin and improve its appearance.

  • Support Memory: Dimethylaminoethanol may reduce memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease and dementia.

  • Enhance Athletic Performance: Dimethylaminoethanol may improve athletic ability when combined with vitamins and other supplements.

  • Reduce Hyperactivity: Dimethylaminoethanol helps reduce hyperactivity in children, calms them, and helps them focus on school studies.

  • Support Better Mood: Dimethylaminoethanol helps enhance mood and overcome anxiety and irritability by increasing motivation and initiative.

Where Is Dimethylaminoethanol Contraindicated?

Dimethylaminoethanol should not be taken by people who may be affected by any of the following conditions:

  • Bipolar Disorder - Mood disorder with intense mood, energy level, and behavior shifts.

  • Schizophrenia - A disorder affecting a person's ability to think, feel and behave clearly.

  • Epilepsy - A disorder where brain nerve cell activity affects and causes seizures.

  • Spina Bifida - A neural tube defect in babies, which oral supplements may cause in the first few days of pregnancy. Avoid taking oral supplements if trying for pregnancy.

  • Recommended to avoid breastfeeding.

What Are the Potential Risks of Dimethylaminoethanol?

When taken by orally in high doses, inhaled, or used topically, it has been associated with several risks, which include:

  • Redness and swelling, such as skin irritation.

  • Muscle twitching - slight muscle contraction in the body.

  • Insomnia - sleep disorder making it hard to sleep.

  • Sneezing, wheezing, and coughing.

  • Severe eye irritation is seen.

  • Convulsions.

Potential drug interactions are seen in patients taking certain medications and should not take Dimethylaminoethanol. These medications include:

  • Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors: These medications treat dementia (loss of memory) in Alzheimer's. Drugs affect acetylcholinesterase production in the brain and may cause a decline in mental abilities.

  • Anticholinergic Medications: These are medications used for various conditions, including Parkinson's disease (a disorder that affects the nervous system and body parts controlled by nerves), COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and overactive bladder. Obstructing the effect of anticholinergic medications on nerve cells may increase the effect of this drug.

  • Cholinergic Medications: These drug types may block, increase, or show the same effects as anticholinergic drugs. They are used to treat systemic conditions such as glaucoma (a group of eye conditions that affects the optic nerve) and Alzheimer's disease (a brain disorder that slowly destroys the brain's thinking skills and memory and ability to carry out simple tasks).

  • Anticoagulants: These should be avoided while taking Dimethylaminoethanol if using blood-thinning medications such as Warfarin (it prevents blood from clotting, but it may take longer to stop the bleeding than usual).


The benefits of using Dimethylaminoethanol in cosmetics have some benefits for the skin. In addition, consuming the drug might help overcome hyperactivity, mood, thinking ability, and memory. However, please consult a doctor before taking it. It is necessary to avoid it in case of pregnancy.

Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar
Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Pulmonology (Asthma Doctors)


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