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Immediate Care in Sports Medicine

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Immediate care is necessary to avoid life-threatening conditions in sports. Read this article to know more about this.

Medically reviewed by

Mohammed Wajid

Published At October 28, 2022
Reviewed AtJuly 17, 2023

What Is Immediate Care in Sports Medicine?

Getting the first line of treatment just after an injury is known as immediate care in sports medicine. Immediate care plays a crucial part in sports medicine and the treatment of sports people. Immediate care can stop turning an acute injury into a chronic injury.

Why Is Immediate Care Necessary?

Not being able to play anymore is the worst nightmare for any sportsperson (athlete, player); injuries could be a possible reason for this. It is common to get injured while playing, fracturing bones, nose, internal bleeding, bruises, or severe injuries. Sometimes, these injuries are very ordinary, but in some cases, it is dangerous that they may lead to death, so immediate concern is essential. If immediate care is provided on time, it can turn the tables and save from any greater loss.

Who Will Provide Immediate Care in Sports Medicine?

Proper training, medication, and immediate care are important assets for athletes. Along with every team of players, a team of trained doctors (orthopedics, physiotherapists), nurses, physical medicine, and rehabilitation is required and should be appointed. The team should be trained and aware of all the health safety policies of the government. A full-time trainer should always be present with the team and provide all the healthcare necessities to the athletes. Any injury should be attended to first and immediately by this team.

When a sportsman is playing in the field surrounded by millions of people in the stadium and gets injured, any critical treatment is not possible; only a trained physicist can help with immediate care.

What Is the Immediate Care Treatment Process?

As soon as any injury occurs, stop all movement and try to stay calm, letting the essential care team attend to the injured player. While providing the first line of treatment, PRICE techniques should be applied.

  • Protect - Secure protection of the injured part with the help of zero movement, bandages, and supporting gears.

  • Rest - Stop all movement and take a rest. Try to work according to the doctor’s and trainer’s suggestions.

  • Ice - Ice over the injured area will help in reducing swelling and pain.

  • Compression - Compression is helpful in swelling (edema, inflammation) reduction.

  • Elevation - Slight elevation of the injured area will reduce the blood flow towards the injury and helps stop the bleeding.

Sometimes injuries are serious, and the athlete becomes unconscious. In this case, some extra care is needed, which is as follows-

  • If the player is unconscious and breathing, and there is no other noticeable injury present, such a condition happens because of the peripheral pooling of blood and less supply of oxygen to the brain. Try to put the athlete in the “Tindal burg position,” which eventually helps in increasing the supply of blood and oxygen to the brain; it helps in reverse consciousness.

  • If the athlete is unconscious and not breathing, try to put the athlete in the supine position with slight head elevation and look for any breathing obstruction. If the tongue has fallen back, then try to pull it back and clear the obstruction. If any other breathing obstruction is there, like a foreign particle (chewing gum), try to remove that.

  • If there is no breathing obstruction present and the player is still unconscious, try to provide CPR and artificial breathing immediately.

Immediate care is not only required for on-field injuries; it also includes injuries of training. Many athletes get injured while training. Cases of spine fracture, muscle pull, strain, and pain in the back are noticed. Because of improper training and avoidance, any acute injury can turn into a chronic injury. Treatment of all acute injuries should be done on time. A trained physicist should have been appointed for the training of athletes.

What Are the Common Sports Injuries?

Some common sports injuries are listed below-

  • Contusions - Hard hit with any solid substances results in contusions. They generally seem red or black and remain painful for days.

  • Strains - Muscle pull is a general thing in sports. It can occur during sports and training also. Overstretching of muscles results in strains.

  • Sprain - A ligament fracture or ligament pull is known as a sprain. It needs almost 15 days to heal.

  • Dislocation - It is known as the dislodgement of bone from the socket; it happens with a forceful fall on it with another player. This needs treatment from a medical professional.

  • Fracture - Any crack in bone processes bone fracture and requires months to heal.

  • Concussion - It occurs because of a head injury. Players may become unconscious or forget things for a time; it can be very serious and fatal for life.

How Can the Immediate Care Team Help?

An immediate care professional will provide all the immediate care needed. They diagnose the injury and note the severity of the injury, which further helps other medical professionals to work fast with the injury.

Immediate care provider removes breathing obstruction, secures the injury, and makes sure not to get any additional damage. If needed, they provide CPR and artificial breathing. In the case of dislocation, a properly trained physicist will put back the dislocated bone in place. In case of pain, they provide painkillers and apply ointments.

Immediate care providers and the team also take care of the nutrition of athletes and ensure that they have a balanced diet and healthy nutrients. From the time of training, physicists help all athletes to prevent all injuries.

Conclusion

Injuries are part of sports activities and whenever an injury occurs during the sports immediate care provider is there to help and manage the first line of therapy. The first line of therapy is important and the fastest treatment anyone can get on the field. These treatments are cost-effective, and in many cases, they are so accurate that there is no need for second appointments with medical professionals. Most of the time, immediate care terms into a life-saving process.

Research said in 57 % of cases, primary care turns into life-saving treatment. An immediate care team should be appointed with the team of players to guide them and train them to prevent injuries during and after the sports.

Frequently Asked Questions

1.

Is Sports Injury Treated Immediately?

The kind and extent of the damage must be considered. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation can treat some injuries, such as mild sprains and strains. More severe injuries, such as shattered bones or significant ligament rips, must be treated right once and may require surgery. As soon as possible after an accident, seek medical attention to guarantee optimal healing and lower the chance of consequences.

2.

How to Handle a Common Sports Injury as Soon as It Occurs?

It is essential to use the R.I.C.E. approach as soon as possible if they get a sports injury:
- Rest: Put an end to the activity that hurts and give the injured region some time off.
- Ice: Apply ice to the damaged region many times a day for 15-20 minutes. Pain and swelling will be lessened; as a result.
- Compression: Applying pressure to the damaged part using an elastic bandage will assist in minimizing swelling. 
- Elevation: To help reduce swelling, raise the hurt limb or area above heart level.

3.

What Are the Most Common Sports Emergencies?

Here are a few typical sports emergencies:
- Concussion: Traumatic brain damage brought on by a head injury or body jolt is known as a concussion. Confusion, wooziness, headaches, nausea, and unconsciousness are among the symptoms. 
- Bone Fractures: A break in the bone. Severe discomfort, swelling, and trouble moving the afflicted limb are symptoms. 
- Sprains and Strains: Muscle and ligament tearing or overstretching injuries. The damaged joint may also be painful, swollen, or stiff. 
- Dislocations: An injury when a bone is compelled to move from its natural place inside a joint. The damaged joint may be painful, swollen, and difficult to move.
- Cardiac Emergencies: include sudden cardiac arrest, heart attacks, chest discomfort, and irregularities. The symptoms include a fast or irregular heartbeat, chest discomfort, trouble breathing, and fainting.

4.

How Is Sports First Aid Performed?

Here are some typical steps and methods used in sports first aid:
- Control Bleeding: By applying firm pressure directly to the wound.
- Splinting: Immobilize a suspected fractured bone or stop an injured joint from moving by using a splint or a makeshift splint.
- Ice Therapy: To relieve pain and swelling, apply ice to the damaged region.
- Taping and Bandaging: Use tape or bandages to support and immobilize damaged joints, retain dressings in place, or immobilize injured joints.
- Identifying and Treating Head Injuries: If a player suffers a hit to the head, they should be examined by a doctor every once.
- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and an Automatic External
- Defibrillator (AED): These are two skills in which sports first responders should be educated.

5.

What Exactly Is Urgent First Aid?

The quick responses to a medical emergency or accident are referred to as urgent first aid. It involves giving someone hurt or going through a medical emergency, including a heart attack, stroke, or severe bleeding, prompt and appropriate medical care. Before the arrival of emergency medical assistance, urgent first aid aims to stabilize the patient's state and stop additional harm or injury. This could include giving CPR. (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), control the bleeding, or give medicine.

6.

What Occurs Right Away Following an Injury?

 
When an injury occurs, the body's natural reaction is to start the healing process. This includes an inflammatory response, which helps in clearing away injured tissue and waste, and blood clotting, which helps stop bleeding. Protecting the wounded region and starting the process of tissue restoration are both goals of these early phases of the healing process.

7.

What Is the Recommended Course of Therapy for Severe Sports Injuries?

The suggested course of therapy for severe sports injuries varies based on the injury's nature and the patient's requirements. However, in general, a multi-disciplinary strategy that combines a number of the following components is typically advised:
- Rest and Immobilization: These actions aid in reducing pain and inflammation and halting additional injury to the damaged region. 
- Regaining Strength and Flexibility: The range of motion in the affected area is made possible through physical therapy. 
- Rehabilitation: This aims to enhance function, lessen impairment, and avoid reinjury.
- Medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) and other painkillers may be recommended to assist control of pain and inflammation.
- Surgery: Occasionally, surgery may be required to reconstruct or restore injured tissue.

8.

What Exactly Is Acute Care Injury?

 
An injury that develops abruptly, such as a sprained ankle, fractured bone, or concussion, requires immediate medical attention and management. It is the first stage of managing an injury, and further treatment, such as physical therapy and rehabilitation, can be necessary to ensure the best possible recovery and function. Stabilizing the wounded individual, reducing pain and inflammation, preventing additional harm, and promoting healing are the main objectives of acute care. First aid, emergency care, diagnostic testing, drugs, stabilization, and referral to experts for additional treatment and rehabilitation are all examples of critical care.

9.

What Exactly Does "Immediate Care" Mean?

The earliest medical care and management of sudden accidents or diseases are called "immediate care." Stabilizing the patient and halting the future deterioration of their health are the main objectives of urgent treatment. Stabilization includes ensuring the individual is secure and safe, preventing more damage, and providing effective pain management. First responders or other qualified medical workers often offer it on the scene of the injury or sickness. It can include:
- Basic life support: Giving oxygen, administering CPR, or using an AED are   examples of essential life support.
- First aid: Curing burns, splinting fractured bones, and controlling bleeding are all examples of first aid. 
- Transportation: Arranging the required transport to a hospital for additional testing and treatment.

10.

What Are the Three Triage Levels?

Triage ranks the urgency of a patient's care according to their condition's severity. There are three primary triage levels:
- Emergent: Patients with diseases or injuries that pose a serious risk to their lives should be treated at this level. Severe bleeding, heart attacks, strokes, and trauma are a few examples. 
- Urgent: Patients with injuries or diseases that need rapid treatment but are not immediately life-threatening should be classified as critical. Broken bones, abrasions, and moderate to severe pain are a few examples. 
- Non-Urgent: Patients with non-life-threatening injuries or diseases should be treated at this level. Minor injuries like cuts, sprains, and little conditions are examples.

11.

Why Is Fast Care Important?

Immediate treatment is essential because it can improve the prognosis for individuals with serious diseases or injuries and make the difference between life and death in emergencies. Additionally, prompt treatment can lessen suffering and discomfort while avoiding consequences. Immediate treatment can also alleviate the interruption to a person's daily routine in non-emergency situations, enabling them to resume their regular activities as soon as possible.

12.

What Differentiates Emergency Medical Treatment From Urgent Care?

While urgent care and emergency medical treatment constitute medical services, their purposes are distinct. Urgent care is meant for non-life-threatening problems that require immediate attention, such as minor injuries and illnesses. Emergency medical treatment is intended for critical or life-threatening disorders like heart attacks, strokes, and severe traumas. While urgent care facilities can be located in several locations, including freestanding clinics, retail clinics, and even pharmacies, emergency departments are primarily found in hospitals.

13.

How Do Patients in Urgent Care Get Prioritized?

Patients are frequently given priority in an urgent care environment according to how severe their conditions are. Priority is given to patients with life-threatening illnesses, those with extreme conditions, and those with less severe ailments. Triage is the term for this. Triage ranks the urgency of a patient's care according to how painful their condition is. A triage nurse or medical assistant often performs triage by evaluating each patient's condition and assigning them a priority rating. A doctor then sees the patient in the order of importance.

14.

What Kind of Urgent Situation Comes to Mind?

A fractured bone is one instance of an urgent condition that could need to be attended to in an acute care facility. If a patient has a broken bone that is not dislocated, they may be able to wait until their primary care physician's next planned visit. However, if the bone is dislocated, it must be realigned right once since it can lead to long-term problems if left untreated. Another instance would be a deep cut or severe laceration that could need stitches to stop excessive bleeding or lessen scarring. High fevers, excruciating headaches, extreme allergic responses, chest discomfort, breathing difficulties, serious bleeding, and severe head injuries are some further instances of urgent conditions that may need to be treated at an urgent care facility.
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Mohammed Wajid
Mohammed Wajid

Physiotherapy

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