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How to Ease Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms With Diet?

Published on Jun 22, 2022 and last reviewed on Jun 30, 2022   -  6 min read


Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. This article illustrates the different diet plans to ease ulcerative colitis symptoms.



A person with ulcerative colitis is advised to follow a diet to manage the symptoms. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease that causes bowel inflammation, leading to digestion issues. A modified diet helps to ease the symptoms.

What Are the Steps Followed to Ease the Symptoms?

Dietary Advice:

Although there is no specific diet that plays a role in causing ulcerative colitis, some changes in the diet can help ease the condition.

Splitting up meals can help to control the symptoms. Eating five or six meals a day rather than three main meals aids in easing the symptoms.

A person with ulcerative colitis is more likely to lose a lot of fluid through diarrhea, and water is the best source to keep well hydrated. Caffeine and alcohol should be avoided as these can make diarrhea even worse. As fizzy drinks also cause flatulence, it is better to avoid them.

As enough vitamins and minerals are not obtained through diet, it is advisable to take food supplements as per the gastroenterologist’s recommendations.

Maintain Food Diary:

Stress Relief:

Though stress is not responsible for causing ulcerative colitis, managing stress levels can result in reducing the symptoms. The following steps are helpful in reducing stress;

Meditation, yoga, and breathing exercise are good ways to relax.

Exercising regularly is one of the best-proven methods to reduce stress and boost mood.

Living with this condition can be more frustrating and isolating; talking with friends and family members can help to alleviate stress.

Diet Plans:

Patients with ulcerative colitis have found that constantly sticking to a certain diet can help in limiting flare-ups and prolong remission. There are some common diets followed for these patients which can decrease inflammation and help them be symptom-free for a longer period.

FODMAP diet:

What Is a Low FODMAP diet?

The low FODMAP diet refers to a short-term diet plan in which so many foods are restricted and eliminated. It helps in relieving the digestive symptoms and increases the levels of intestinal bacteria in people with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. It is followed as a three-step elimination process which includes-

Avoid eating certain foods (high FODMAP foods).

Gradually reintroduce those foods to check the food causing problems.

Identify the food causing the symptoms and avoid them or take them with limitations.

What Are the Foods in a Low FODMAP Diet?

The foods that can be taken in a low FODMAP diet include:

Low-Residue Diet or Low-Fiber Diet:

Eating During Flare-UPS:

Specific Carbohydrates Diet:

This was developed particularly to treat celiac diseases but also promoted to heal gastrointestinal issues. In this, the intestines cannot digest or use certain sugars and grains very well. Hence eating food with these ingredients allows bacteria in the gut to multiply too quickly, which causes excess mucus production. This, in turn, results in a cycle of intestinal damage that produces ulcerative colitis symptoms.

The foods that are included in the specific carbohydrate diet include-

The foods that are limited or to be restricted in this diet include-

Gluten-Free Diet:

Gluten is a protein found in grains like wheat, barley, and rice. The report suggests that cutting out gluten helps in improving the symptoms.

The foods that can be taken in this diet include-

Foods to limit or avoid:

Mediterranean Diet:

The Mediterranean diet helps to bring down inflammation in general. It is often recommended by health officials over a specific carbohydrate diet because of its health benefits and nutrition.

The foods that can be taken in this diet :

This diet does not restrict any food, but it includes red meat only in limited amounts.


Some ulcerative colitis diets can shorten or lessen the symptoms for a shorter period, while others may provide longer periods of relief. Creating an ulcerative colitis diet plan is not the same all the time and for all individuals; they are modified and curated depending upon the individual needs, restrictions, and symptoms. Ensuring the right diet balance is always mandatory to ease the symptoms.


Last reviewed at:
30 Jun 2022  -  6 min read




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