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Physiotherapy for Heart Failure patients

Written by
Hemang Sudhakarbhai Jani
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Jun 02, 2022   -  4 min read

Abstract

Heart Failure is when the Heart is unable to eject enough blood from its chambers into the circulation to satisfy the body's needs. Read the following article to know more about heart failure and physiotherapy’s link to heart failure.

Contents

What Can Happen in Heart Failure?

Your Heart does not pump enough blood. Blood backs up in your veins. Fluid increase in your body, causing swelling in your feet, ankles, and legs. This is called edema. Fluid builds up in your lungs. This is called "pulmonary edema." Your body does not get enough blood and oxygen.

What Are the Different Types of Heart Failure?

There are types of heart failure according to which segment of the Heart is not working correctly, as mentioned below:

1. Left heart failure.

2. Right heart failure.

3. Systolic phase failure.

4. Diastolic phase failure.

5. Acute Heart failure.

6. Advanced heart failure.

What Are the Primary Causes of Heart Failure?

What Are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?

How to Diagnose Heart Failure?

Diagnosing coronary failure is often challenging, even for trained professionals. Not all patients with coronary failure have the standard symptoms, and therefore the same symptoms are often experienced by patients who do not have heart failure. An accurate diagnosis requires a range of diagnostic tools and information, in conjunction with clinical judgment and expert knowledge of X-Ray, blood test presence of peptides in serum.

What are the Primary Management measures for Heart Failure?

The primary goals of treatment in heart failure are to improve prognosis, reduce mortality, alleviate symptoms, and reduce morbidity by reversing or slowing the cardiac and peripheral dysfunction. For in-hospital patients, in addition to the above goals, other goals of therapy are to reduce the length of stay and subsequent re-admission, prevent organ system damage, and appropriately manage the co-morbidities which will contribute to poor prognosis.

What is the Non-Pharmacological Therapy (Physiotherapy Treatment)?

Advice on Drugs, Salt, Diet, Potassium, Alcohol, and exercise. Medications must be continued as directed.

Conclusion:

Aerobic endurance training that comprises isotonic and rhythmic exercise using large muscles has been proposed as part of an effective rehabilitation strategy for heart failure patients. In the case of heart failure, one needs to minimize the load on the Heart by decreasing blood pressure and decreasing venous return. Therefore, a moderate-intensity workout can be advised for 60 % to 70% of people with heart failure under the close supervision of a skilled physiotherapist.

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Last reviewed at:
02 Jun 2022  -  4 min read

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