Salt is an inorganic compound that does not come from living matter. It is made when Na (sodium) and Cl (chloride) form white, crystalline cubes. Your body needs salt to function, but too little or too much salt can harm your health.
While salt is frequently used for cooking, it can also be an ingredient in foods or cleansing solutions. In medical cases, your doctor or nurse will typically inject sodium chloride. Read on to see why and how salt plays an important role in your body.
Although salt and sodium are different, salt is 40 % sodium, and most of our sodium intake is from salt. Many companies and restaurants use salt to preserve, season, and flavour their food. Since one teaspoon of salt has about 2,300 milligrams of sodium, it is easy to go over the daily value.
Potassium can help balance the harmful effects of too much sodium. But you should still lower your sodium intake to achieve this balance.
You can limit your sodium intake by eating unprocessed foods. You may also find it easier to manage your sodium intake by making more meals at home.
Your doctor may suggest sticking to a low-sodium diet if you are at risk for high blood pressure or heart disease. If you have heart disease, you should try to consume less than 2,000 milligrams of sodium per day. Eliminating processed foods like sausages and ready-made meals may make maintaining this number easier.
Nutrient absorption and transportation. Sodium and chloride play an important role in your small intestine. Sodium helps your body absorb chloride, sugar, water, and amino acids (building blocks of protein).
Chloride, in hydrochloric acid (hydrogen and chloride), is also a component of gastric juice. It helps your body digest and absorb nutrients.
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