A 10 year old girl presented with a diffuse thyroid enlargement. She is a resident of an endemic area for goiter and fluorosis. Her thyroid profile shows TSH and T3 levels to be within normal limits, but her T4 levels are marginally high. Does she require treatment? If yes, what would it be?
These are free T4 levels which are found elevated.should u consider for anti thyroid drugs ? In view of thyroid enlargement can u leave alone the child without treatment considering physiological.thyroid gland is showing moderate enlargement of size 7×6cm each gland.
If the child is asymptomatic ( for clinical features of hyperthyroidism - vitals, weight and growth parameters, bowel habits, temperature senstivity, appetite, any other autoimmune diseases etc. ) then the enlargement would be physiological.
Any USG thyroid ? MNG ? Homogeneous
I would have appreciated the actual TFT levels rather than high or normal including TPO antibodies, but anyways.
It is essential to mention all the levels like T4, T3 and mainly TSH. If anti TPO antibodies are tested that also should be stated. If the child is asymptomatic it is better to wait. However, it is mentioned that child comes from the endemic area, so there is a greater possibility of hypothyroidism. What about the child's intelligence and physical growth? There is no mention of that. Thanks.
Hi, as per the information given in your query, Thyroid function test should be repeated after 6 to 8 weeks and Thyroid enlargement should be evaluated with the help of local USG THYROID and Thyroid scan.
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